How to supply print ready files for book printing

Supplying text files

Please be aware that our preferred format for the supply of text files is a print ready PDF file and all our estimates are based on this. We reserve the right to charge for any extra work caused by poorly constructed or problem files.

Every effort will be made to check your job at each stage of production where possible, however no responsibility will be accepted for errors or omissions at the editing stage.

As part of our pre-flight procedure 4edge will undertake to check for the following problems:

  • Fonts not being embedded
  • Low resolution images
  • Incorrect document size
  • Inconsistent page sizes
  • Incorrect spine size on covers, PPCs & jackets

The document creator is responsible for the following:

  • The editorial content
  • Inclusion of blank pages (if required)
  • Consistent page setup
  • Sufficient type safety margin in text files (see our recommendation on this below)
  • Bleed allowances
  • Font embedding
  • Correct use of colourspaces i.e. CMYK not RGB
  • Image resolution
  • Checking that the ISBN inside the book is the same as appears on the cover


We suggest that you leave a minimum of 10mm clear space all around on your text pages but would recommend 15mm.

Cover, dust jacket and PPC file preparation guidelines

When designing covers and jackets for book printing there are a number of points to take into consideration.

There are three types of book covering:

Paperbacks have a card cover (we offer 230gsm and 300gsm 2 sided boards and 300 and 350gsm boards 2 sided boards) which is then glued onto the spine of the book block.

Printed Paper Cases (PPC’s) which consist of a paper cover (150gsm silk), wrapped around and glued to pieces of grey board to create a case which is bound to the book block.

And finally the Book Jacket which is a paper cover (150gsm silk) wrapped around a plain material (usually Wibalin Buckram) covered case.

In order to create a document of the correct dimensions your designer needs to know the following:

  • the binding style of the publication
  • the correct trim size of the publication
  • the spine width (which we will calculate for you)

plus any allowances for boards and bleeds.

Below are example layouts showing allowances for bleeds (grey area around the edge), case sizes and wraparounds.

Paperback cover layout guide

paperback cover layout guide

Example trim size book block of Royal sized book (234 x 156mm) with a spine bulk of 16mm
Width = 3mm bleed + 156mm back cover + 16mm spine + 156mm front cover + 3mm bleed = 328mm
Height = 3mm bleed + 234mm height + 3mm = 240mm

Printed papercase (PPC) layout guide

printed papercase layout guide

Example trim size book block of Royal sized book (234 x 156mm) with a spine bulk of 16mm
Width = 15mm wrap around + 151mm + 9mm + 16mm spine + 9mm + 151mm + 15mm wrap around = 366mm
Height = 15mm bleed + 240mm height + 15mm = 270mm

Dust jacket layout guide

dust jacket layout guide

Example trim size book block of an A5 sized book (210 x 148mm) with a spine bulk of 25mm
Width = 3mm bleed + 80mm flap + 6mm + 152mm + 25mm spine + 152mm + 6mm + 80mm flap + 3mm bleed = 507mm
Height = 3mm bleed + 216mm height + 3mm = 222mm

How to create brass artwork for foil blocking

A brass is a device made of zinc which is used to stamp foil lettering (usually gold or silver) on to the ‘cloth’ finish on a hardback on the spine, front or both.

It is typically a copy of your spine/front text and usually includes the title, author’s name and sometimes a logo (please note any very small intricate detail is difficult to reproduce and should be avoided). Please calculate your spine width using our spine width calculator to ensure that the content fits the actual spine on the case.

The areas that you require blocked will need to be set up as 100% black regardless of the colour on the printed dust jacket or what the final colour of the foil will be and should be supplied as black lettering on a white background as per the example below.
spine brass artwork
Please supply this as a separate PDF file clearly labelled.

Spine width calculator

Choose paper
No. of pages
Spine width =
   
For a hardback please add 4mm to the above

Paperback weight calculator

Please enter the details of your book in the boxes below:

Number of pages
Height of book (mm)
Width of book (mm)
Paper weight (gsm)

Handy tips

Fonts not embedded

A common problem when print ready text files are supplied is that the fonts are not embedded. If the fonts are not embedded then the fonts that you carefully chose may be substituted with fonts on our systems meaning that your text could rewrap resulting in all sorts of issues including extra or blank pages.

Did you know that there is a really easy way to check if your fonts are embedded?

  1. Open your PDF in Adobe Reader.
  2. Go the File Menu (top right) and choose Properties.
  3. In Properties go the Fonts tab. If your fonts are embedded then you should see the words (Embedded Subset) in brackets next to the name of the fonts that you have used. If you don’t see Embedded Subset then your fonts are not embedded.

how to check that fonts are embedded for book printing

How can I embed fonts in Word?

When you choose Save as Adobe PDF in Word then you need to make sure that Create PDF/A-1a:2005 compliant file is ticked and this will ensure that the fonts are embedded in your PDF.

This is found by clicking on the Options button underneath Save and Cancel – see image below.

embedding fonts when creating a print read PDF from Microsoft Word

Not sure which book size to choose?

Click on the image below to download our handy UK Book Sizes Guide.

UK book sizes chart

Foil blocking on spine

foil blocking on spine

The above example shows gold foil blocking on the spine of a hardback covered in Wibalin Buckram Sapphire Blue cloth.